fabric for dining room chairs
eric: this video is brought to you by sailrite.visit sailrite.com for all your project supplies, tools, and instructions. in this video, weâ€™regoing to recover this bar stool with a new upholstered top that includes piping- notonly on the top, but also on the bottom of the stool.weâ€™ve already removed the old fabric and foam. weâ€™ll replace it with a new beautifulfabric that weâ€™ve chosen. hereâ€™s cindi to show us how itâ€™s done. weâ€™re going to work on this bar stool todayand make a cover with a band on it and some piping. the first thing i need to do is measureacross the diameter of the bar stool, and its 12 â¼â€. so iâ€™m going to cut my fabricpieces at 13 â¼â€ because iâ€™ll need a â½â€
for a seam all the way around, and iâ€™m goingto cut my foam also at 13 â¼â€. my measurement was 13 â¼â€ and i want to cut my foam thatsame size. iâ€™m going to mark the center at 6 5/8â€. then iâ€™m going to make a circleon my foam piece and cut around it. eric: weâ€™ll show this in double time. weâ€™vechosen to use fairfield poly-fil nu-foam. this is a compressed polyester. however, ifyouâ€™d like, you can use a polyurethane foam thatâ€™s also available at sailrite. thisis a 2â€ thickness. a full materials list is found at the end of this video. when i use the scissors, iâ€™m going to takeit and divide it in half so iâ€™m only cutting half the thickness at once. just follow mymarks all the way around the circle.
eric: when cutting compressed polyester, wefind this process much easier than cutting the full thickness all at once with scissors. then go back and cut it again; the rest ofthe thickness. eric: if youâ€™re using polyurethane foam,an electric kitchen knife works well for that. but not for compressed polyester. so you can see that my foam piece is a littlebit larger than the top of my stool, and itâ€™s going to compress when i put the fabric on.now to determine the depth of my band, iâ€™m going to measure the foam and the base ofthe bar stool. its 2 â½â€. so i want to add â½â€ for the seam up here and 1â€ or soto pull it down and around underneath the
bottom of the chair. so 2 â½â€ plus 1 â½â€is 4â€. i want to cut my bands 4â€ wide. eric: sailrite often refers to bands as boxing. because i have a pattern on this fabric, iâ€™mgoing to straighten up this edge so that my band is the same pattern all the way across.so all iâ€™m doing is cutting along the weave of the fabric at the top of the pattern sothat my first band will be the right depth and it will be even on the pattern. eric: youâ€™ll find thousands of decorativefabrics to select from at www.sailrite.com. iâ€™m going to cut this across the full widthof the pattern and then just make it to size when i sew it on.
eric: the length of the band, or facing, orsometimes referred to as boxing, should equal the circumference of the chair plus about5â€. now iâ€™m going to cut the circles for thevery top of the stool. iâ€™m going to find a center point again like i did on the foam.on this piece i want to center one of these little circles. iâ€™m going to measure a circleagain at 6 5/8â€ from that center point. eric: weâ€™ll show this again in double time.marking a circle this way on the foam and also on this fabric is tedious and cumbersome.in a few seconds, cindi will show using the sailrite canvas patterning ruler, which ihighly recommend, in lieu of doing it this way.
then iâ€™m going to cut on my lines all theway around that circle also. another way to draw this circle is to use this canvas patterningruler, and it has a hole right here. i would put my pin in the hole and then put my pencilin one of these holes out here that corresponded to the size of my circle. then i could drawa circle with this ruler. eric: using this tool, it is much easier.so thereâ€™s a couple different ways that you can make your circles. iâ€™m going tocut around the lines that i drew to get my circle. so thereâ€™s the circle for the topof my bar stool. the other thing that i need to cut is the bias for the cording. eric: coming up next, cindi will show youhow to make cording, or sometimes referred
to as piping. weâ€™re going to make it ourselves. iâ€™m going to cut it on a bias because itâ€™llstretch easier; itâ€™ll go nicer around the circle because it has a little bit of stretchto it. when i make my cording on the bias, i use this ruler and line up the 45 degreeline along the selvage edge of the fabric and draw a line. this is my bias cut. my cordingneeds to be 1 â½â€ wide. eric: if using a rotary cutter, thereâ€™sno need to mark it with a pencil and cut it with scissors. weâ€™ll demonstrate that ina few seconds. iâ€™m going to draw lines with the ruler toget enough cording to go around the stool twice.
eric: since weâ€™re covering the top sideand the bottom side of the stool with piping, we need enough to go around the circumferenceplus about 5â€. then take that times two since weâ€™re doing both top and bottom. there is another way to cut this bias thatâ€™sa little bit simpler. iâ€™m going to fold this in half so it fits on my rotary cuttingboard and use this cutter to cut my strips. eric: as you can see, using the cutting mat,the rotary cutter, and the clear acrylic ruler, itâ€™s much easier to cut bias piping. afterall the strips are cut, we need to join them together. cindi will demonstrate that now. i need a 45 degree angle at the end, and iâ€™mgoing to lay those right side up- both of
them right side up- and cut my angle again.i want to cut this selvage edge off because itâ€™s a little bit thicker than the restof the fabric. after i cut the angle, iâ€™m going to turn the top one over. so now i haveright sides together, and pin those together. when i stitch, iâ€™m going to stitch fromthis angle to this angle. and iâ€™ll have a continuous length of bias. eric: letâ€™s demonstrate that one more timeby joining yet another piece. both are laid right side up. cut the 45 degree angle thenpin them together as done previously. using the clear acrylic ruler you can see the 45degree angle on the ruler easily. so iâ€™m ready to take this over to the machineand stitch these three little seams and apply
the cording inside it. iâ€™m going to stitchthis little short seam together. eric: weâ€™re using home dã©cor fabric. manyhome sewing machines can sew it, but we want to demonstrate the ultrafeed ls-1 sewing machine.itâ€™s a walking foot sewing machine. great for light applications like this, but exceptionallywell built for heavy applications. this is a great sewing machine thatâ€™ll do a phenomenaljob for your upholstery applications. so i have one continuous long straight pieceof bias cording. now iâ€™m going to put the cording in. iâ€™m just going to lay it inthe center and fold it over. you put it under the foot and thereâ€™s a tunnel on the footthatâ€™s going to carry this through. eric: the sailrite ultrafeed ls-1 sewing machineand the lsz sewing machine both have a cording
tunnel built right into the foot. no needto change out the foot to a cording foot. if youâ€™re using a home sewing machine, youmay have to do that to sew this piping. when i come to one of my seams, i want tofinger press that open like that so that when it folds over, all that thickness isnâ€™tfolding back on itself. eric: coming up next, weâ€™ll apply this piping,or cording, to the top plate, or the top of the stool. cut this off straight at the beginning. iâ€™mgoing to lay my two edges even and put it under the foot. the foot is going to guidethe cording around my circle. iâ€™m going to start a couple inches from the beginningof my cording so i can tuck the end back in
there. eric: by leaving a few inches at the end,weâ€™ll find it much easier to join the opposite end of the piping to this the beginning endpiping. sheâ€™ll be showing that next after we sew around the perimeter. when i get back to where i started, iâ€™mgoing to give myself 2â€-3â€ beyond the end of my first piece and cut it. then iâ€™mgoing to open up the stitching on this end. eric: following this technique is a greatway to join the ends of piping together. i think youâ€™ll agree after you see the endresults. and cut the cording off where those two meet-just the cording. iâ€™m going to fold the
piece iâ€™m sewing towardsâ€¦at an angle likethat and tuck the beginning piece back inside it and wrap that over it. eric: now we can apply the band- sometimesreferred to as boxing or facing- to this assembly. then iâ€™m going to apply the band- the 4â€band that we cut- around the circle also. iâ€™m going to start close to where i joinedthe cording. not right on it because that would be a lot of thickness right there. butiâ€™m going to start close to it so that both of these seams end up in the back of the stool.iâ€™m also going to start a little bit away from the edge on that. iâ€™m going to stopback about 4â€ from where i started. eric: stopping short will allow us to jointhe band, or boxing, together.
match these up and make a seam right here.put a clipâ€¦ eric: the clip indicates where we need tosew to join the boxing strips together. and trim all this extra off beyond my clip.my clip is up here. eric: we only need to leave about â½â€ ofmaterial beyond the clip. then i can match the clips up and sew theseam. starting at the clip and straight down. eric: now that itâ€™s joined together, wecan finish sewing the boxing to the main assembly. iâ€™m also going to press that open so itâ€™snot too much thickness all in one spot and go back to where i stopped right here andfinish that seam. eric: coming up next, weâ€™ll push our foaminside this cover and test it on top of our
bar stool. weâ€™re going to stick this piece that wecut inside here and see how it fits on my stool before i go any farther. it looks likeour foam is just a little bit too big; weâ€™ve got some lumps here. so iâ€™m going to takeit off and cut it smaller. regular poly-foam would compress, i think, better than this.this one isnâ€™t. so weâ€™re just going to trim it off a little bit. eric: cindi believes itâ€™ll look better ifthe foam, or the compressed polyester that weâ€™re using, is cut a little bit smaller. iâ€™m going to cut off about a â½â€ all theway around my circle.
eric: now sheâ€™ll reinsert the foam in thecover and place it back on the chair to see how this looks. when i put this on, i want to make sure thatall of my seam allowance is going down towards my band and not up towards the top of theseat. so iâ€™m working to push that down before i pull this on. eric: that looks awesome! now we need to stapleit to the bottom side of the chair. weâ€™re going to use the eze tc-08 pneumatic stapler. now iâ€™m ready to staple this down onto thebase of the bar stool, and iâ€™m going to use an air compressor stapler for that. soiâ€™m just going to pull my band down and
go side to side and front to back and makesure that i have everything in place where i want it before i staple the whole thingdown. eric: you donâ€™t necessarily have to havea pneumatic staple gun like this to accomplish this task. you could use a heavy duty aerostaple gun that is just hand operated. before stapling, always ensure that you like thelook. if you need it tighter, you can pull out those four staples easily and make adjustments.cindi likes the way it looks so sheâ€™s going to continue to apply staples applying thesame amount of tension on all sides. with this staple gun, weâ€™re using approximatelya 3/8â€ long staple. iâ€™m clipping that just so itâ€™ll go aroundthe leg.
eric: we could just trim the rest of the fabricand not apply piping, or cording, to the bottom side of the chair. but adding piping, or cording,to the bottom side makes it look even better. iâ€™m going to trim this extra fabric outso it doesnâ€™t hang out. when youâ€™re using a bar stool, you donâ€™t want to look at thisextra fabric thatâ€™s underneath here. eric: weâ€™ve made plenty of piping, or cording,and weâ€™re going to add a strip to the bottom side of the chair. thatâ€™s coming up next. then i want to apply another row of cordingaround the bottom like this. iâ€™m going to start that also at the same place where myseam is back here. put a few staples to hold that in place all the way around. then iâ€™mgoing to go back over it with the cardboard
tack strip to hold it in place. when i comearound here to where i started, iâ€™m going to cut it off about 3â€ longer and open upmy stitching and then just cut the cording even with the beginning. fold this back, tuckthe beginning in, and fold it over. iâ€™m going to go back over all of that with thecardboard tack strip. iâ€™m going to clip the cardboard tack strip about 2/3 of theway up so that it will curve. eric: this cardboard tack strip just keepsthat piping pushed out so it stays nice and firm. so this is going to hold the cording in placeso it has a nice firm edge. eric: those are the steps required to reupholstera bar stool.
hereâ€™s the finished bar stool. eric: coming up is a materials list and thetools that were used to reupholster this bar stool. you can order these at sailrite. formore free videos like this, be sure to check out the sailrite website or subscribe to thesailrite youtube channel. itâ€™s your loyal patronage to sailrite that makes these freevideos available. thanks for your loyal support.